Sir Liam Donaldson is the Chairman of the National Patient Safety Agency in the United Kingdom. He was appointed to this position on 1 July 2010. From 1998 to June 2010, Sir Liam Donaldson was the Chief Medical Officer for England and the United Kingdom’s Chief Medical Adviser. He was the fifteenth person to have held this important and historic post since its establishment in 1855. Whilst in post, Sir Liam authored a series of ground-breaking reports aimed at transforming a wide range of areas of health, healthcare and medical science, for example producing the country’s first comprehensive health protection strategy; proposing new legislation to allow carefully regulated stem cell research; addressing poor clinical performance; introducing a comprehensive programme for patient safety and empowering patient self-management of chronic disease. Sir Liam is probably best known for three of his achievements. Firstly, his trailblazing annual reports, which have brought major health concerns to public attention, in particular the need for smoke-free public places, the obesity ‘time bomb’, the shortage of organs available for donation and the problems of binge drinking. Secondly, his creation of the concept of clinical governance – a clinically led approach to assure high standards of care – which is now an internationally recognised approach in health care. Thirdly, his leadership of patient safety as a priority for health care systems around the world. His report An organisation with a memory shaped policy on patient safety in the United Kingdom and his chairmanship of the World Health Organization World Alliance for Patient Safety has moved action to a global scale. Sir Liam has published over 150 papers in peer reviewed journals, is co-author of a standard text book of public health, has two higher degrees and fourteen honorary degrees as well as fellowship of many Royal Colleges and professional bodies.
Ciro de Quadros, MD, MPH, is the Executive Vice-President of the Albert B Sabin Vaccine Institute. A Brazilian national, he has dedicated his career to freeing the world of infectious diseases, especially those that disproportionately affect the health and social development of the world's poorer countries. A pioneer in developing effective strategies for smallpox surveillance and containment, de Quadros served as the World Health Organization's chief epidemiologist for smallpox eradication on Ethiopia in the 1970s. Following the global eradication of smallpox, he became the regional immunization advisor and then the director of the Division of Vaccines and Immunization for the Pan American Health Organization, for whom he successfully directed efforts to eradicate poliomyelitis and measles from the Western Hemisphere, and established innovative planning and managerial processes that helped countries improve their immunization programmes. These processes became the model for the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI). Since 2003, de Quadros has led Albert B Sabin Vaccine Institute's international immunization advocacy programmes, with a special emphasis on the introduction of newly-available vaccines as well as the sustainability of immunization programmes in developing countries. Dr de Quadros is also the technical advisor on vaccines and immunization for the International Pediatric Association and serves as the Chairperson of the PAHO’s Technical Advisory Group on Vaccines and Immunization. He is on faculty at Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health and the school of medicine at George Washington University. He has over 120 papers and chapters published in peer review journals and books and presents at conferences throughout the world. He has received several international awards, including the 1993 Prince Mahidol Award of Thailand, the 2000 Albert B. Sabin Gold Medal, the Order of Rio Branco from his native Brazil, the Bernardo O’Higgins Order of Chile, the Order of Sanidad of Spain and in 2006 was elected into the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies of the USA.
Dr Nasr Mohamed El-Sayed is Assistant Minister of Health for Primary Healthcare, Preventive Medicine and Family Planning, at the Ministry of Health and Population, Egypt. Additionally, Dr El-Sayed is special advisor to several United Nations agencies. Dr El-Sayed holds a Master of Public Health from Cairo University, and an MBBCH from AIN Shams University. He has been instrumental in leading the development and implementation of key national communicable disease programmes, including polio eradication, Extended Programme for Immunization (EPI) and strategies for preparedness and combating avian and pandemic influenza. He has extensive experience in AIDS control, both nationally and internationally, and has provided technical advisory support to UNICEF, the Ford Foundation and various NGOs. Dr El-Sayed has published over a dozen papers in peer reviewed journals, and has vast experience in practical medicine, first as General Practitioner in the Rural Health Unit, then as internist at the General Army Hospital Cairo, and as quarantine physician at Cairo Airport.
In March 2008, Dr Jeffrey P Koplan was appointed Vice President for Global Health at Emory University. He also serves as director of the Emory Global Health Institute, a position he has held since the Institute was established in 2006. Dr Koplan previously was Vice President for Academic Health Affairs in Emory's Woodruff Health Sciences Center, a position he held since joining Emory University in 2002. From 1998 to 2002, Dr Koplan served as the Director of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Dr Koplan began his public health career in the early 1970s as one of the CDC's celebrated "disease detectives," more formally known as Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) Officers. Since then, he has worked on virtually every major public health issue, including infectious diseases such as smallpox and HIV/AIDS, environmental issues such as the Bhopal chemical disaster, and the health toll of tobacco and chronic diseases, both in the United States and around the globe. From 1994 to 1998, he pursued his interest in enhancing the interactions between clinical medicine and public health by leading the Prudential Center for Health Care Research, a nationally recognized health services research organization. Dr Koplan is a graduate of Yale College, the Mt Sinai School of Medicine, and the Harvard School of Public Health. He is a Master of the American College of Physicians and a member of the Institute of Medicine. He has served on many advisory groups and consultancies in the U.S. and overseas, and has written more than 200 scientific papers.
Dr Møgedal is a former Norwegian Ambassador for HIV/AIDS and global health initiatives of the Norwegian Ministry for Foreign Affairs, with professional and diplomatic engagement in HIV/AIDS, the interface between foreign policy and health, global health governance, architecture and reform. She is currently Special adviser, Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services/Ministry of Foreign Affairs; Board Chair, Global Health Workforce Alliance; and, Special Adviser to the Executive Director of UNAIDS. She has extensive leadership and facilitation experiences from complex development projects/ processes at national, regional and international level, and has served as Board member and Chair/Vice chair in a variety of national and international organisations, alliances and networks, including both NGO based and intergovernmental processes as well as public/private partnerships. With more than 35 years in public health, health system management and broader development policy, Dr Mogedal combines a broad mix of experiences; from community action and participation to developing and negotiating international policies; from church leadership at national and international level to civil service and politics. Her work has also included policy analysis, applied research and evaluation research, research to policy linkages; ethics as related to medical ethics, environment and North South dialogue. Previously, she served as State Secretary, International Development, Governmen. of Norway; Chief Technical Adviser, Social Sector Development, NORAD; Director, DiS, Centre for Partnership in Development, Oslo Norway; and, Director of Health Services and Community Health and Development programmes, United Mission to Nepal. Other assignments have include: two terms as board member of GAVI (Global Alliance Vaccine and Immunization), founding board member UNITAID, Board member and committee chair, GFATM (Global Fund for Aids, TB and Malaria). She is founding member of Global Forum for Health Research, and has undertaken various assignments in the committee structure of the Norwegian Research Council, as well as with the Christian Medical Commission of the World Council of Churches and Moderator of the Church of Norway Council on International Relations.
Professor Ruth Nduati is an Associate Professor of Paediatrics at the School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, Kenya. She is a Paediatrician and Epidemiologist who has taught at the University of Nairobi for many years. Her major achievement is her contribution to the understanding of the epidemiology and biology of breast milk transmission of HIV and in integration of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV in resource constrained settings. Professor Nduati was one of two Principal Investigators of the only published randomised trial of breastfeeding and formula feeding among infants of HIV infected women. This study provided crucial information on the magnitude, timing and correlates of breast milk transmission of HIV in women with established HIV infection and is probably the only study that gives reasonably accurate estimates of the significant contribution of early breastfeeding to infant HIV infection. This study explored the infant morbidity and mortality in breastfed and formula fed infants, the impact of breastfeeding on the health of the HIV infected woman and the effect of mother’s death on the index child’s survival. Currently, Professor Nduati is the Principal Investigator in Nairobi for the Kesho Bora study, a multi-country study co-ordinated by World health Organization that is evaluating use of anti-retroviral therapy during breastfeeding to prevent MTCT of HIV. The Nairobi site is funded by, the Centres for Disease Prevention (CDC) and the National Institutes of health (NIH). Prof Nduati’s other interest is the development of HIV vaccines. She was one of the consultants to the Kenya AIDS Vaccine Initiative (KAVI) a centre supported and collaborating with International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI). Professor Nduati has written extensively on the subject of MTCT of HIV in peer-reviewed articles, textbooks and reports of research findings. With other colleagues Prof Nduati developed a manual to train health workers on PMTCT. These materials have been used extensively to train in-service and pre-service health workers and have been used to make a unified Kenyan PMTCT curriculum. Professor Nduati is also engaged in operational research to support the translation of scientific advances in PMTCT into standards of care in Kenya and is the Principal Investigator of a PEPFAR grant to NARESA a non-governmental NGO in Kenya that is working with 12 Kenyan Districts to implement PMTCT in government health facilities. Professor Nduati has presented her work in many national and international forums and has been guest speaker at international HIV/AIDS meetings. She also serves as a member of the TAC/HIV, an advisory panel to the World Health Organization HIV unit in Geneva. She is also a long-standing member The Ghent International Working Group on Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV, Kenya Paediatric Association, and the Kenya Medical Association.
Dr Arvind Singhal is the Samuel Shirley and Edna Holt Marston Endowed Professor of Communication and Director of the Social Justice Initiative in the University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP) Department of Communication, USA. He is also appointed as the William J Clinton Distinguished Fellow at the Clinton School of Public Service, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA. Singhal teaches and conducts research in the diffusion of innovations, organizing for social change, and the entertainment-education strategy. His research and outreach spans sectors such as health, education, peace, human rights, poverty alleviation, sustainable development, civic participation, democracy and governance, and corporate citizenship. Singhal is co-author or editor of 11 books – Inviting Everyone: Healing Healthcare through Positive Deviance (2010); Protecting Children from Exploitation and Trafficking: Using the Positive Deviance Approach (2009); Popular with a Purpose (2008); Communication of Innovations (2006); Organizing for Social Change (2006); Entertainment-Education Worldwide: History, Research, and Practice (2004); Combating AIDS: Communication Strategies in Action (2003); The Children of Africa Confront AIDS: From Vulnerability to Possibility (2003);India’s Communication Revolution: From Bullock Carts to Cyber Marts (2001); Entertainment-Education: A Communication Strategy for Social Change (1999); and India's Information Revolution (1989). Three of Singhal’s books won awards for distinguished applied scholarship. He has authored 150 peer-reviewed essays in such outlets as the Journal of Communication, Communication Theory, Communication Monographs, Health Communication, Communication Quarterly, and Management Communication Quarterly; and over 30 technical and scholarly reports. Singhal has won Top Paper Awards from the International Communication Association and National Communication Association a dozen times, and Ohio University’s Baker Research Award twice. The Social Science Research Council and the International Communication Association recognized Singhal as the winner of the Communication Research as Collaborative Practice Award in 2009 and the winner of the Communication Researcher as an Agent of Change Award in 2008. The Northwest Communication Association honored him with the 2007 Human Rights Award for Steadfast Commitment to Social Justice, Social Change, and Freedom. Singhal was honored by Ouachita Baptist University as the 2009 Berkitt Williams Distinguished Lecturer and by Lady Irwin College, University of Delhi, as the 2006 Raushni Memorial Deshpande Distinguished Lecturer. In 2005, USC’s Norman Lear Center honored him with the first Everett M. Rogers Award for Outstanding Contributions to Entertainment-Education. Dr Singhal's research has been supported by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Ford Foundation, Rockefeller Foundation, The National Science Foundation, The David and Lucile Packard Foundation, UNAIDS, UNICEF, and others. He has served as an advisor to the World Bank, the United Nation's Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), UNICEF, UNDP, UNAIDS, UNFPA, U.S. Department of State; U.S. A.I.D., Family Health International, PATH, Save the Children, the BBC World Service Trust, International Rice Research Institute, Voice for Humanity, and private corporations such as Procter & Gamble (U.S.A and Thailand), Telenor AS (Norway), SpareBank (Norway), and others. He has taught previously at Ohio University, University of Southern California, University of California - Los Angeles, and held visiting professorships at the USC Annenberg School; the Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University; Royal Roads University, Canada; Chemnitz University of Technology in Germany; Institut Teknologi (Malaysia), Bangkok University (Thailand); and visited and lectured in over 65 countries of Asia, Africa, Latin America, Australia, Europe, and North America.
Professor Toole has been the Head of the Centre for International Health at the Burnet Institute in Melbourne, Australia since 1995 and is also a Professor in the Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine at Melbourne's Monash University. He has a medical degree from Monash University (Melbourne), a Diploma in Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (London), and a Diploma in Advanced Epidemiology & Biostatistics (New England Epidemiology Institute). He is a medical epidemiologist and public health physician with special interests in communicable disease control, including HIV prevention and care, nutrition, refugee populations and humanitarian emergencies. Between 1973 and 1982, Professor Toole worked in rural and refugee public health programmes in Thailand and Somalia and was the health coordinator of Oxfam Australia between 1983 and 1986. Between 1986 and 1994, he worked at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), where he coordinated the agency's technical assistance to refugees and displaced populations in Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Iraq, Malawi, Pakistan, the Russian Federation, Somalia, the Sudan, and Zimbabwe. His recent field work has focused on HIV prevention and primary health care in the Lao People's Democratic Republic, Papua New Guinea, China, and Myanmar. He is a board member of the Three Diseases Fund for Burma/Myanmar and a member of the Technical Review Panel of the Global Fund to fight AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. He was a founding board member of Médécins sans Frontières in Australia.
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