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Pakistan


Status:
endemic

Most of Pakistan is polio-free. The country has never interrupted transmission of wild poliovirus. Transmission is intense in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), and periodically spreads to other parts of the country and internationally. 

Government of Pakistan's National Emergency Action Plan 2014

Financial resource requirements (2014 - 2016) for Pakistan


Polio this week in Pakistan

  • One new WPV1 case was reported in the past week, from Quetta, Balochistan, with onset of paralysis on 20 February. This brings the total number of WPV1 cases for 2015 to 20 (and 2014 remains 306). The most recent case had onset of paralysis on 24 February (from Khyber, Federally Administered Tribal Areas - FATA).
  • No new type 2 circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV2) cases were reported in the past week. The most recent case had onset of paralysis on 13 December. The number of cVDPV cases reported in 2014 remains 21.
  • Efforts are ongoing to strengthen implementation of the ‘low season’ emergency operations plan.
  • Strong, functional Emergency Operations Centres (EOCs) are now operational both at the federal and provincial levels.
  • Strategies are focusing on clearly identifying reasons for missed children, and putting in place area-specific mechanisms to overcome area-specific challenges.
  • Independent monitoring is strengthened and rolled out across wider geographic areas to provide a clearer assessment of quality and associated gaps.
  • Activities are focusing on known infected areas, but also areas deemed at high-risk but which have not reported polio cases. Environmental surveillance indicates widespread transmission of the virus, not just in known infected areas but also in areas without cases. Environmental surveillance is proving to be an instrumental supplemental surveillance tool enabling a clearer epidemiological picture. In the past week, six new WPV1-positive environmental samples were reported, collected in February from various sites in Sindh and FATA.