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Status: imported poliovirus

Kenya is one of the countries in the “wild poliovirus importation belt” – a band of countries stretching from west Africa to central Africa and the Horn of Africa, which are recurrently re-infected with imported poliovirus. The immediate priority is to stop all active outbreaks using mop-up campaigns with oral polio vaccine in the infected areas, combined with a series of large-scale, synchronized supplementary immunization activities across most of the “importation belt” countries to protect against further importations.

Strategic Action Plan for the Polio Outbreak Response in the Horn of Africa [pdf]


Polio campaign monitoring in Kenya


Polio this week in Kenya

  • No new wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases have been reported in the past week in the Horn of Africa. The most recent case, which had onset of paralysis on 11 August, was from Hobyo district of Mudug province, central Somalia. The total number of cases that have been reported in the Horn of Africa in 2014 is six: 1 WPV1 in Ethiopia (date of onset of paralysis on 14 January) and 5 WPV1s in Somalia.
  • Supplementary Immunization Activities (SIAs) are being held in Somalia in October and in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda in November. Child Health Days (CHDs) including supplementary bivalent oral polio vaccine (OPV) immunization are planned in Yemen in November.