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Kenya

Status: imported poliovirus

Kenya is one of the countries in the “wild poliovirus importation belt” – a band of countries stretching from west Africa to central Africa and the Horn of Africa, which are recurrently re-infected with imported poliovirus. The immediate priority is to stop all active outbreaks using mop-up campaigns with oral polio vaccine in the infected areas, combined with a series of large-scale, synchronized supplementary immunization activities across most of the “importation belt” countries to protect against further importations.

Strategic Action Plan for the Polio Outbreak Response in the Horn of Africa [pdf]

  

Polio campaign monitoring in Kenya

  

Polio this week in Kenya

  • No wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases have been reported in the past week and no cases have been reported in 2015. The total number of WPV1 cases that were reported in the Horn of Africa in 2014 was 6: 1 in Ethiopia (with onset of paralysis on 5 January) and 5 in Somalia. The most recent case, which had onset of paralysis on 11 August 2014, was from Hobyo district of Mudug province, central Somalia.
  • No cases of type 2 circulating vaccine derived poliovirus (cVDPV2) have been reported in the past week. No cases have been reported in 2015. In 2014, 2 cases were reported in South Sudan. The most recent case of cVDPV2 had onset of paralysis in South Sudan on 12 September.
  • A high level vaccination event took place at Selam health centre in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, this month with the heads of several GPEI partners and the Minister of Health to advocate the importance of sustaining commitment to keep the country polio-free. Read more.
  • Despite the deteriorating security situation in Yemen, a humanitarian pause enabled 50,000 children to be reached with the oral polio vaccine in the last week of Ramadan. Further supplementary immunization activities are also planned for August and September. Read more.
  • Subnational Immunization Days (SNIDs) are planned in August in Kenya on 1 – 5 and 29 – 2 September. In Somalia, two SNIDs are planned in August and NIDs in September. In September, National Immunization Days (NIDs) are also planned in Djibouti, and SNIDs in Ethiopia and Kenya.