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Status: imported poliovirus

Kenya is one of the countries in the “wild poliovirus importation belt” – a band of countries stretching from west Africa to central Africa and the Horn of Africa, which are recurrently re-infected with imported poliovirus. The immediate priority is to stop all active outbreaks using mop-up campaigns with oral polio vaccine in the infected areas, combined with a series of large-scale, synchronized supplementary immunization activities across most of the “importation belt” countries to protect against further importations.

Strategic Action Plan for the Polio Outbreak Response in the Horn of Africa [pdf]


Polio campaign monitoring in Kenya


Polio this week in Kenya

  • No new cases of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV-1) case have been reported in the past week in Somalia. The most recent case, which had onset of paralysis on 11 August, was from Hobyo district of Mudug province. The total number of cases that have been reported in the Horn of Africa in 2014 is six, 1 WPV-1 in Ethiopia (date of onset of paralysis on 14 January) and 5 WPV-1s in Somalia.
  • An outbreak response assessment will be carried out from 23 September by a team of interagency international experts.
  • National Immunization Days (NIDs) are planned in Yemen using trivalent OPV and in Somalia using bivalent OPV in September, and Subnational Immunization Days (SNIDS) in Ethiopia (exact dates to be confirmed). NIDs using bivalent OPV will be held in Kenya on 8-12 November and in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, and Yemen in November with dates to be confirmed.