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Uganda

Status: imported poliovirus

Uganda is one of the countries in the “wild poliovirus importation belt” – a band of countries stretching from west Africa to central Africa and the Horn of Africa, which are recurrently re-infected with poliovirus originating from northern Nigeria. The immediate priority is to stop all active outbreaks using mop-up campaigns with monovalent oral polio vaccine in the infected areas, combined with a series of large-scale, synchronized supplementary immunization activities across most of the “importation belt” countries to protect against further importations.

Polio this week in the Horn of Africa

  • No new wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases have been reported in the past week in countries of the Horn of Africa. The most recent case, which had onset of paralysis on 11 August, was from Hobyo district of Mudug province, central Somalia. The total number of cases that have been reported in the Horn of Africa in 2014 is six: 1 WPV1 in Ethiopia (date of onset of paralysis on 5 January) and 5 WPV1s in Somalia.
  • Following confirmation of two cases of circulating vaccine derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) in a refugee camp area of Unity state, South Sudan, outbreak response plans are in place to hold rounds of supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) in high risk areas. Over 19,000 children were vaccinated on 13 - 15 November in Bentiu Poc where the 2 cases were reported in September. The objective is to rapidly stop the cVDPV2 in the infected area, while further boosting immunity to type 1 wild poliovirus and to minimize the risk of renewed outbreaks following virus re-introduction from infected countries and areas.
  • In November, supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) are being held in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, and Sudan, and Child Health Days (CHDs) including polio vaccines in Yemen. Further SIAs are planned in each of these countries and in Uganda, South Sudan and Yemen in December.
  

Horn of Africa

8th Meeting of the Technical Advisory Group on Polio Eradication for the Horn of Africa
06-07 September 2012, Nairobi, Kenya
Report [pdf]

7th Meeting of the Technical Advisory Group on Polio Eradication for the Horn of Africa
08-09 February 2012, Nairobi, Kenya
Report [pdf]

6th Meeting of the Technical Advisory Group on Polio Eradication for the Horn of Africa
04-05 May 2011, Nairobi, Kenya
Report [pdf]


5th Meeting of the Technical Advisory Group on Polio Eradication for the Horn of Africa
08-09 March 2010, Nairobi, Kenya
Report [pdf]