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Uganda

Status: imported poliovirus

Uganda is one of the countries in the “wild poliovirus importation belt” – a band of countries stretching from west Africa to central Africa and the Horn of Africa, which are recurrently re-infected with poliovirus originating from northern Nigeria. The immediate priority is to stop all active outbreaks using mop-up campaigns with monovalent oral polio vaccine in the infected areas, combined with a series of large-scale, synchronized supplementary immunization activities across most of the “importation belt” countries to protect against further importations.

Polio this week in the Horn of Africa

  • One new case of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) has been reported in the past week in Somalia, the first case to be found in the Hobyo district of Mudug province. Onset of paralysis was on 11 August. This brings the total number of cases that have been reported in the Horn of Africa to date in 2014 to six: one in Ethiopia (date of onset of paralysis on 14 January) and five in Somalia.
  • Activities are being initiated to address the spread of WPV-1 in Somalia, with an increased focus on accessing pastoral communities, using satellite imagery for micro-planning.
  • An outbreak response assessment will be carried out from 23 September by a team of interagency international experts.
  • Immunization campaigns are planned in Yemen using trivalent OPV and in Ethiopia starting 13 September and Somalia starting 27 September using bivalent OPV.
  

Horn of Africa

8th Meeting of the Technical Advisory Group on Polio Eradication for the Horn of Africa
06-07 September 2012, Nairobi, Kenya
Report [pdf]

7th Meeting of the Technical Advisory Group on Polio Eradication for the Horn of Africa
08-09 February 2012, Nairobi, Kenya
Report [pdf]

6th Meeting of the Technical Advisory Group on Polio Eradication for the Horn of Africa
04-05 May 2011, Nairobi, Kenya
Report [pdf]


5th Meeting of the Technical Advisory Group on Polio Eradication for the Horn of Africa
08-09 March 2010, Nairobi, Kenya
Report [pdf]