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Pakistan


Status:
endemic

Most of Pakistan is polio-free. The country has never interrupted transmission of wild poliovirus. Transmission is intense in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), and periodically spreads to other parts of the country and internationally. 

Government of Pakistan's National Emergency Action Plan 2014

Financial resource requirements (2014 - 2016) for Pakistan


Polio this week in Pakistan

  • No new WPV1 cases were reported in the past week. The most recent case had onset of paralysis on 17 March in Peshawar district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The total number of WPV1 cases for 2015 remains 21 (and remains 306 for 2014).
  • No new type 2 circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV2) cases were reported in the past week. No cases have been reported in 2015.The most recent case had onset of paralysis on 13 December. The number of cVDPV cases reported in 2014 remains 22.
  • Efforts are ongoing to strengthen the implementation of the ‘low season’ emergency operations plan. Strong, functional Emergency Operations Centres (EOCs) are now operational both at the federal and provincial levels. Strategies are focusing on clearly identifying reasons for missed children, and putting in place area-specific mechanisms to overcome area-specific challenges. Independent monitoring is being strengthened and rolled out across wider geographic areas to provide a clearer assessment of quality and associated gaps.
  • Activities are focusing on known infected areas, but also areas deemed at high-risk but which have not reported polio cases. Environmental surveillance indicates widespread transmission of polioviruses, not just in known infected areas but also in areas without cases. Environmental surveillance is proving to be an instrumental supplemental surveillance tool enabling a clearer epidemiological picture.