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Pakistan


Status:
endemic

Most of Pakistan is polio-free. The country has never interrupted transmission of wild poliovirus. Transmission is intense in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), and periodically spreads to other parts of the country and internationally. 

Government of Pakistan's National Emergency Action Plan 2014

Financial resource requirements (2014 - 2016) for Pakistan


Polio this week in Pakistan

  • No new wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases were reported in the past week. The most recent case had onset of paralysis in South Waziristan in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) on the 24 May.  The total number of WPV1 cases for 2015 is now 25, compared to 83 at this time last year.  
  • No new type 2 circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV2) cases were reported in the past week. No cases have been reported in 2015. The number of cVDPV cases reported in 2014 remains 22.  The most recent case had onset of paralysis on 13 December. 
  • No new environmental samples positive for WPV1 were reported in the past week. The most recent positive sample was collected on 1 June in Killa Abdullah, Balochistan province.
  • Environmental surveillance indicates widespread circulation of polioviruses, not just in known infected areas but also in areas without cases.  Environmental surveillance is proving to be an instrumental supplemental surveillance tool enabling a clearer epidemiological picture.  
  • The Technical Advisory Group convened earlier in the month to examine the impact of the low season emergency action plan currently being implemented in the country.  Greater Karachi, North Waziristan and parts of Khyber Agency in FATA remain the highest-risk areas, where too many children remain under- and un-immunized.  With the start of the ‘high season’ for polio transmission, the group concluded that there is a need to clearly identify reasons why children are missed in these areas, and to put in place corrective measures to rectify these gaps.