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Most of Pakistan is polio-free. The country has never interrupted transmission of wild poliovirus. Transmission is intense in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), and periodically spreads to other parts of the country and internationally. 

Government of Pakistan's National Emergency Action Plan 2014

Financial resource requirements (2014 - 2016) for Pakistan

Polio this week in Pakistan

  • One new case of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) was reported this week, with onset of paralysis in Charsada district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. This most recent case had onset of paralysis on 20 April. The total number of WPV1 cases for 2015 is now 23 (and remains 306 for 2014).
  • No new type 2 circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV2) cases were reported in the past week. No cases have been reported in 2015. The number of cVDPV cases reported in 2014 remains 22. The most recent case had onset of paralysis on 13 December.
  • One new environmental sample positive for WPV1 was reported this week, from Quetta district of Balochistan, and two samples positive for vaccine derived polioviruses (VDPVs), in Quetta and Lahore.
  • Currently, the focus of the polio eradication programme in Pakistan is on known infected areas and on areas deemed to be high-risk but which have not reported polio cases. Environmental surveillance indicates widespread circulation of polioviruses – WPV as well as VDPV – not just in known infected areas but also in areas without cases. Environmental surveillance is proving to be an instrumental supplemental surveillance tool enabling a clearer epidemiological picture.