All data as of 14 December 2010 Download: english ¦ french
Economic benefits of GPEI estimated at US$40-50 billion: A new study released in November in the medical journal Vaccine estimates that the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) could provide net benefits of at least US$40-50 billion through 2035. More than eight million cases of polio in children will have been prevented, and significant additional humanitarian and economic benefits reaped through 'add on' health interventions (such as Vitamin A). More. New Independent Monitoring Board convenes inaugural meeting: The newly-established Independent Monitoring Board (IMB) convened in Geneva, Switzerland, on 21-22 December 2010, to assess progress towards the attainment of a polio-free world. The IMB was established at the request of the Executive Board (EB) and the World Health Assembly (WHA) to independently evaluate progress against each of the major milestones of the new GPEI Strategic Plan 2010-2012. The IMB, comprised of global experts from a variety of fields relevant to the work of the GPEI, evaluates whether global milestones and country-specific indicators are 'on track', 'at risk' or 'missed', and provides assessments of the risks posed by existing funding gaps. The report from the group's inaugural meeting is expected to be made available mid-January 2011. More. 2011-12 Financial Resource Requirements updated: Against a two-year US$1.86 billion budget, the GPEI faces a US$ 720 million funding gap to fully implement activities to achieve GPEI Strategic Plan milestones. The most significant geographic gaps are in Africa. The full financial situation will be published in a revised Financial Resource Requirements (FRR) by mid-January 2011. More. India and Nigeria report historic lows of polio transmission: With the high season for polio transmission nearly completed, both countries continue to report historic low levels of poliovirus transmission, particularly in key reservoir areas. This presents both national and international opportunities, given that both countries continued to export virus internationally in 2010. In both countries, aggressive mop-up strategies are now being implemented to tackle any residual transmission, and technical staff from polio-free areas of both countries is deployed to support the mop-ups to maximise the impact of operations. UNICEF Executive Director Tony Lake in India: On 8 December, UNICEF Executive Director Tony Lake participated in polio immunization activities in Bihar, and discussed additional steps to eradicating polio in the country with key partners and representatives of the Government of India. Key expert groups convene to evaluate new research projects: The Polio Research Committee (PRC), which helps guide the GPEI's research agenda, convened in Delhi, India, on 15 December to discuss new studies to improve supplementary immunization activity (SIA) operations. At the same time, also in Delhi, a special meeting on mucosal immunity reviewed the current science and future research needs to better understand the role mucosal immunity plays in polio transmission and immunization. Enhanced action urgently needed to address emerging risks to polio eradication: Urgent action is needed in three countries with uncontrolled polio transmission, namely Pakistan (the only endemic country with an increase in cases in 2010), and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo) and Angola. Virus associated with outbreaks in these areas has spread internationally this year, including to cause a large-scale explosive outbreak in the Republic of Congo. All three countries are currently finalizing emergency action plans for 2011 to rapidly control the situation.
23 cases in 2010 (15 WPV1, 8 WPV3). 31 cases at this time in 2009 (15 WPV1, 16 WPV3).
An aggressive mop-up strategy continues to be implemented in India, in response to residual polio transmission in the country.
Special strategies are also focusing on reaching mobile population groups.
A surveillance review was conducted in east/central Uttar Pradesh, and a communications review in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal. In both cases, the reviews determined that the programmes were robust and working at high capacity. Recommendations to further sensitize the approaches were nevertheless put forward.
Mr Chandramouli has been appointed as new Secretary of Health, Government of India. He took office on 1 December.
134 cases in 2010 (24 WPV1, 110 WPV3). 84 cases at this time last year (58 WPV1, 25 WPV3).
30 WPV1 cases in 2010. 29 WPV1 cases at this time last year.
18 WPV3 cases and 4 WPV1 cases in 2010. 57 WPV3 cases at this time last year.
75 WPV1 cases in 2010, 3 WPV3 cases at this time last year.
24 cases of WPV1 reported in 2010, and at least 476 AFP cases pending classification. At least 179 deaths have been associated with this explosive outbreak.
2 cases in 2010. 71 WPV1 cases at this time last year.
Tajikstan: 458 WPV1 cases in 2010. Turkmenistan: 3 WPV1 cases in 2010. Russia: 14 WPV1 cases in 2010. Kazakhstan: 1 WPV1 case in 2010.
6 WPV1 cases in 2010.
32 cases in 2010 (all WPV1 except 2 WPV3 cases in Niger and 1 WPV3 case in Mali): Senegal 18, Mauritania 5, Mali 4, Niger 2, Liberia 2, Sierra Leone 1. 133 cases in 11 countries at this time last year.
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