All data as of 04 May 2011 Download: english ¦ french
IMB calls funding gap 'single greatest threat' and highlights need for 'heightened attention' at all levels: The Independent Monitoring Board (IMB) published in mid-April its assessment of progress towards polio eradication. The report calls the US$ 665 million funding gap through end-2012 the "single greatest threat to the GPEI's success". It notes "strong news": of 15 outbreaks with onset in 2009, all appear to have been stopped; and evidence so far suggests that none of the new outbreaks from 2010 last more than six months. However, of the remaining endemic and re-established transmission countries, the IMB considers only India on track to achieve its key milestone of stopping poliovirus transmission by end-2011. The IMB concludes that therefore, the end-2012 goal of global eradication is at risk. Despite these challenges, the IMB further concludes that polio eradication is feasible and "desperately needed" in the near term, and warned that this goal would only be achieved with "heightened attention" at all levels. Download full report in PDF. Type 3 outbreak in Côte d'Ivoire threatens region: Three cases of wild poliovirus type 3 (WPV3) have been detected in Côte d'Ivoire with dates of onset in January and February. Genetic analysis shows the virus is related to WPV3 last detected in mid-2008 in northern Nigeria, indicating undetected circulation in one or more areas and populations in west Africa. There is currently a high risk of further spread of WPV3 - both within and from - Côte d'Ivoire. More All is not quiet in the Horn of Africa: Although no cases have been reported from this group of countries this year, a single positive environmental sample collected in sewage in Aswan, Egypt in December 2010 has been genetically linked to virus circulating in Sudan in 2009. See Horn of Africa section below.
The IMB report notes that one of the four countries with re-established transmission, Sudan, has not reported cases since 2009. It concludes that Angola and Chad have missed the end-2010 milestone to stop transmission of re-established poliovirus transmission, while the Democratic Republic of the Congo is at risk of doing so. The report recommends that no real distinction be made between this set of countries and endemic countries.
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