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Polio Public Health Emergency:

Temporary Recommendations to Reduce International Spread of Poliovirus

On 5 May 2014 the Director-General declared the international spread of poliovirus in 2014 a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) under the International Health Regulations [IHR 2005], issued Temporary Recommendations to reduce the international spread of poliovirus, and requested a reassessment of this situation by the Emergency Committee every 3 months. The tenth meeting of the Emergency Committee was held in August 2016.

Based on the committee’s advice and the reports made by affected States Parties, the Director-General extended the following Temporary Recommendations under the IHR (2005), effective May 2016. The committee's full report is available here.


At a glance

States currently exporting wild poliovirus or cVDPV
 Afghanistan (WPV)
 Pakistan (WPV)
States infected with wild poliovirus or cVDPV but not currently exporting
Guinea (cVDPV)
Lao People's Democratic Republic (cVDPV)
Madagascar (cVDPV)
Myanmar (cVDPV)
Nigeria (WPV and cVDPV)
States no longer infected by wild poliovirus or cVDPV, but which remain vulnerable to international spread, and states that are vulnerable to the emergence and circulation of VDPV
 Equatorial Guinea


Please send questions to:

Polio-free countries

While there are no specific IHR Temporary Recommendations for travellers from polio free countries, those travelling to polio-affected countries are advised to consult International Travel and Health


Related links

Full WHO statement including the Temporary Recommendations

For travellers: Frequently-asked questions [pdf]
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Download the International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis

Current global polio case count

International Health Regulations portal (secured-access for national IHR focal point